Physics of an active region loop system
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- Levine, R.H. & Withbroe, G.L. Sol Phys (1977) 51: 83. doi:10.1007/BF00240447
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The structure of the active region loops is investigated by the study of a loop complex which undergoes a dramatic evacuation of most of the mass it contains. The need for continual energy deposition in loops is emphasized by the apparent cessation of energy input to the loops studied and their subsequent behavior. Estimates are made of the energy necessary to form and to maintain the loops, and of the relative importance of radiation and thermal conduction as energy loss mechanisms. Models based on the observed EUV emission are used to place limits on the size of loops seen in various lines and on the density and temperature structure. We find that the cool cores of active region loops are likely to be no more than a few hundred kilometers in radius and that several such cool threads may be imbedded in a common hot outer sheath. The primary energy loss on a large scale is radiation with thermal conduction contributing to local disturbances. There is a tendency for the development of apparently unstable condensations or knots along the length of a loop. Higher resolution observations will be necessary to confirm some of our predictions.