Rates of soluble carbohydrate utilization in soils from the Windmill Islands Oasis, Wilkes Land, continental Antarctica
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- Melick, D.R., Bölter, M. & Möller, R. Polar Biol (1994) 14: 59. doi:10.1007/BF00240274
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A time course study of the fate of glucose, sucrose, and arabitol added to surface soils collected from vegetated and bare sites near Casey Station, Wilkes Land, Antarctica, was performed using gas-liquid chromatography. For both soils, hydrolysis of added sucrose was observed after 24 hours. Following 168 hours incubation at both 5°C and 15°C, hydrolysis of sucrose to glucose and fructose was greater than 95%. Maximum rates of sugar uptake were observed in soils from the vegetated site incubated at 15°C. After 168 hours 44%, 52% and 94% of the added arabitol, glucose and sucrose respectively had been consumed. There did not appear to be any cell-free extracellular enzymatic activity in the soils as levels of added sucrose, trehalose and maltose within soil water extracts showed no change after 168 hours incubation. The results are discussed in relation to earlier work on the microbial activity of Antarctic soils and the sources of carbohydrate input into this ecosystem.