Vocal repertoire of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus), its analysis and significance
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Two hundred and fifty vocalizations of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) were selected for spectrographic analysis from a total of 200 hrs. of tape recordings. The vocalizations were classified into six groups according to their physical characteristics. Both intra and intergroup variability of calls was observed. Calls of similar shape were found to have similar functions. Thus each group of calls could be characterized by a functional designation. The functional significance of calls was determined by qualitative and quantitative observations. Four methods were employed: 1. stereotyped vocalizations were elicited by visual stimuli; 2. motor and vocal reactions were evoked through adequate vocal signals; 3. vocalizations were observed when external conditions were held constant and internal factors were permitted to vary; 4. vocal events were related to the total social situation. By these methods the complexity as well as the specificity of the vocal communication system is demonstrated and its evolutionary significance is discussed.
- Altmann, S.A.: A field study of the sociobiology of rhesus monkeys, Macaca mulatta. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 102, 338–435 (1962).
- Andrew, R.J.: The situations that evoke vocalization in primates. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 102, 296–315 (1962).
- —: The origin and evolution of the calls and facial expressions of the primates. Behaviour 20, 1–109 (1963).
- Bernstein, J.S., and W.A. Mason: Activity patterns of rhesus monkeys in a social group. Anim. Beh. 11, 455–460 (1963).
- Bowden, D., P. Winter and D. Ploog: Pregnancy and delivery behavior in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) and other primates. Fol. Primatol. (in press).
- Carpenter, C.R.: A field study of the behaviour and social relations of howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata). Comp. Psychol. Monogr. 10, 1–168 (1934).
- Chance, M.R.A.: Social structure of a colony of Macaca mulatta. Brit. J. Anim. Beh. 4, 1–13 (1956).
- De Vore, I. (Ed.): Primate Behavior. New York, London: Holt, Rinehart and Winston 1965.
- Furness, W.H.: Observations on the mentality of the chimpanzee and orangoutan. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 55, 281–290 (1916).
- Garner, R.L.: The speech of monkeys. New York: C.L. Webster Co. 1892.
- Hayes, C.: The ape in our house. New York: Harper and Bros. 1951.
- Itani, J.: Vocal communication of the wild Japanese monkey. Primates 4, 11–66 (1963).
- Kellogg, W.N., and L.A. Kellogg: The ape and the child. New York: McGraw-Hill 1933.
- Kohts, N.: Infant ape and human child. Sci. Mem. Mus. Darwin Moskow 3, 1–596 (1935) (in russian).
- Kühlhorn, F.: Beobachtungen über das Verhalten der Kapuzineraffen auf freier Wildbahn. Z. Tierpsychol. 3, 147–151 (1939).
- Kummer, H.: Soziales Verhalten einer Mantelpavian-Gruppe. Beih. Schweiz. Z. Psychol. 33, 1–92 (1957).
- Marler, P.: Ethological analysis of animal communication. J. theor. Biol. 1, 295–317 (1961).
- —: Communication in monkeys and apes. In: Primate Behavior (I. De Vore, edit.). New York, London: Holt, Rinehard and Winston 1965.
- Moynihan, M.: Some behavior patterns of Platyrrhine monkeys. 1. The night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 146, 1–84 (1964).
- Ploog, D.: The behavior of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), as revealed by sociometry, bioacoustics, and brain stimulation. In: Social communication among primates (S.A. Altmann, edit.). The University of Chicago Press (in press).
- —, J. Blitz and F. Ploog: Studies on social and sexual behavior of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Fol. Primatol. 1, 29–66 (1963).
- -, S. Hopf u. P. Winter: Zur Ontogenese des Verhaltens von Totenkopfaffen (Saimiri sciureus). In preparation.
- Rowell, R.E., and R.A. Hinde: Vocal communication by the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 138, 279–294 (1962).
- —: Agonistic noises of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 8, 91–96 (1962).
- Tembrock, G.: Acoustic behavior of mammals. In: Acoustic behavior of animals, pp. 751–786 (R.-G. Busnel, edit.). Amsterdam, London: Elsevier 1963.
- Schleidt, W.M.: Eine Apparatur zur Tonfrequenzspektrographie aus Bausteinen. Tierstimmen optisch dargestellt. Rohde & Schwarz-Mitteilungen 18, 155–158 (1964).
- Wappler, E.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Lautgebung von Cercopitheciden. Unveröffentlichte Diplomarbeit. Berlin: Humboldt-Univ. 1958.
- Washburn, S.L., and I. De Vore: Social behavior of baboons and early man. Viking Fund Public. in Anthropology 31, 91–104 (1961).
- Yerkes, R.M., and B.W. Learned: Chimpanzee intelligence and its vocal expressions. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co. 1925.
- Vocal repertoire of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus), its analysis and significance
Experimental Brain Research
Volume 1, Issue 4 , pp 359-384
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Vocal communication
- Primate behavior
- Saimiri sciureus
- Industry Sectors