, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 121-124

Genetic transformation of foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) by chimeric foreign genes and production of cardioactive glycosides

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Abstract

The chimeric neo and gus genes on a mini Ti vector are efficiently transferred into the genome of fox glove (Digitalis purpurea L.) using a binary vector system based on a rootinducing Ri plasmid, pRi15834. The transgenic state of established transformed roots was confirmed by Southern blot analysis and by detection of agropine and mannopine. The expression of the chimeric genes controlled by the promoters from TR 1′–2′ genes, nos gene and cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA was demonstrated by enzymatic and histochemical assays of neomycin phosphotransferase II and ß-glucuronidase. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was carried out using polyclonal antibody reactable against digitoxin to investigate the production of cardenolides. The results of ELISA indicated that the cardioactive glycosides were highly produced in the green transformed hairy roots.

Communicated by M. Tabata