Cloning and sequence analysis of the cyclomaltodextrinase gene from Bacillus sphaericus and expression in Escherichia coli cells
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- Oguma, T., Matsuyama, A., Kikuchi, M. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (1993) 39: 197. doi:10.1007/BF00228606
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The gene for cyclomaltodextrinase (CDase; EC 22.214.171.124) from Bacillus sphaericus E-244 was cloned in the recombinant plasmid pCD629. Sequencing a portion of pCD629 revealed a unique open reading frame of 1,773 nucleotides coding for a 591-amino-acid polypeptide. The deduced polypeptide sequence showed about 50% homology with that of a neopullulanase, and was slightly homologous to those of the cyclodextrin glucanotransferases and the α-amylases. The optimum pH, specific activity and Km value for β-cyclodextrin of the CDase that has been produced in Escherichia coli cells were 8.0, 16.4 units/mg protein, and 0.41 mm, respectively. These values were almost identical to those from B. sphaericus E-244.