, Volume 82, Issue 5, pp 552-560

Association of protein amount polymorphism (PAP) among maize lines with performances of their hybrids

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It has been suggested that molecular foundations of phenotypic diversity reside in the variability of genome expression. This variability can be appraised through the polymorphism of individual protein amounts (PAP: protein amount polymorphism). Eight maize inbred lines and ten of their single-cross hybrids were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in order to examine the potential of PAP for predicting hybrid vigor. The 28 possible pairs of lines were characterized for: (i) the number, H of expected heterozygous structural loci in their hybrid, in the sample of loci revealed by 2D-PAGE; (ii) four distance indices based on PAP; (iii) the hybrid values for five agromorphological characters measured in four different year/locations. For the subset of ten hybrids analyzed by 2D-PAGE, the number of cases of nonadditive inheritance (NA) was also counted. Whereas H appeared to be related neither to the PAP indices, nor to NA, nor to hybrid performances, PAP indices were correlated to NA, and both were positively associated to hybrid performances. The possibility that PAP is responsible for quantitative trait variation is discussed. This could result in the definition of biological predictors of heterosis.

Communicated by P. L. Pfahler