, Volume 81, Issue 6, pp 806-811

DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms correlate with isozyme diversity in Phaseolus vulgaris L.

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Genetic variation in Phaseolus vulgaris L. (P. vulgaris) was investigated at the isozyme and DNA levels. We constructed a library of size-selected Pst I clones of P. vulgaris nuclear DNA. Clones from this library were used to examine 14 P. vulgaris accessions for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). DNAs from each accession were analyzed with three restriction enzymes and 18 single copy probes. The same accessions were also examined for variability at 16 isozyme loci. Accessions included four representatives of the T phaseolin group and five representatives each of the C and S phaseolin groups. One member of the S group (the breeding line XR-235-1-1) was derived from a cross between P. vulgaris and P. coccineus. Isozymes and RFLPs revealed very similar patterns of genetic variation. Little variation was observed among accessions with C and T phaseolin types or among those with the S phaseolin type. However, both isozyme and RFLP data grouped accessions with S phaseolin separately from those accessions with C or T phaseolin. The highest degree of polymorphism was observed between XR-235-1-1 and members of the C/T group. RFLP markers will supplement isozymes, increasing the number of polymorphic loci that can be analyzed in breeding, genetic, and evolutionary studies of Phaseolus.

Communicated by F. Salamini