Cell and Tissue Research

, Volume 170, Issue 2, pp 145–159

Scanning electron microscopic studies on the development of the chick retina

  • K. Meller
  • W. Tetzlaff

DOI: 10.1007/BF00224296

Cite this article as:
Meller, K. & Tetzlaff, W. Cell Tissue Res. (1976) 170: 145. doi:10.1007/BF00224296


Fixed retinae of chick embryos and chicks of the first week after hatching were fractured and examined with the scanning electron microscope. The matrix cells of the retina proliferate up to the beginning of the second week. The migrating cells are oriented in cell cords. This columnar organization prevails up to the development of the plexiform layers formed as a consequence of the outgrowth of the dendritic and axonal cell processes.

Special attention was paid to the differentiation of the ganglion, bipolar and receptor cells, and the radial fibers (Müller cells).

Two main morphological patterns are significant for the organization of the retina during neurogenesis:
  1. a)

    the cell to cell contacts of migrating cells and

  2. b)

    the spatial arrangement of Müller cells which could provide guidelines for migration of neuronal elements.


Key words

NeurogenesisRetinaScanning electron microscopy

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Meller
    • 1
  • W. Tetzlaff
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Anatomie, Arbeitsgruppe Experimentelle CytologieRuhr-Universität BochumGermany
  2. 2.Institut für AnatomieArbeitsgruppe für Experimentelle CytologieBochumGermany