Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 81-88

Chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA diversity in Theobroma cacao

  • V. LaurentAffiliated withCIRAD-CP, BIOTROP
  • , A. M. RisterucciAffiliated withCIRAD-CP, BIOTROP
  • , C. LanaudAffiliated withCIRAD-CP, BIOTROP

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The variability of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) cytoplasmic genomes has been investigated. A total of 177 cocoa clones was surveyed for restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in chloroplast DNA and in mitochondrial DNA using two restriction endonucleases and various heterologous cytoplasmic probes. A high level of polymorphism was found for the mitochondrial genome. This study points up a structuring of the species that fits with the distinction between the Criollo and Forastero populations. In contrast to all previous analyses, a higher level of polymorphism is found among the Criollo clones while the Forastero clones form quite a homogeneous group.

Key words

Theobroma cacao RFLP Mitochondrial genome Chloroplast genome Diversity study