, Volume 87, Issue 5, pp 619-623

Genetic studies of self-fertility in rye (Secale cereale L.). 2. The search for isozyme marker genes linked to self-incompatibility loci

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Abstract

The segregation of several isozyme marker genes has been studied in F2 inbred families from hybrids between self-sterile and five self-fertile inbred lines (nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8) as well as from interline hybrids. Self-pollination of F1 hybrids between self-sterile forms and lines 5 and 8 gave an F2 segregation ratio of 1 heterozygote:1 homozygote for the gene Prx7 (chromosome 1R) against the allele from the line. This is interpreted as a result of tight linkage of the Prx7 gene with the S1 gene in chromosome 1R (recombination at a level of 0–1%). The self-pollination of such hybrids with lines 2,3 and 4 gave normal segregation for the Prx7 gene (1:2:1). This means that these lines carry a self-fertility allele which is not on chromosome 1R. Interline hybrids 5×2, 5×3 and 5×4 had self-fertility alleles for the two S genes and in inbred F2 progenies gave the expected deviating segregation for the Prx7 gene in a ratio of 2:3:1. The segregation of interline hybrid 5×8 was normal, 1:2:1, as expected. Highly-deviating segregation in an inbred F2 family of a hybrid with line 5 has also been obtained for another gene from chromosome 1R — Pgi2 (recombination with the S1 locus of 16.7%). By using the same method it has been estimated that line 4 has a self-fertility allele of the S2 locus from chromosome 2R and that the genes β-Glu and Est4/11 are linked with it (recombination 16.7% and 17.5–20% respectively). Lines 2 and 3 have a self-fertility allele of the S5 locus from chromosome 5R which is linked with the Est5-7 gene complex (recombination at a level of 28.8–36.0%).

Communicated by G. Wenzel