Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 313–316

Development of an immobilized cell reactor for the production of 1,3-propanediol by Citrobacter freundii

  • U. Pflugmacher
  • G. Gottschalk
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00221225

Cite this article as:
Pflugmacher, U. & Gottschalk, G. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (1994) 41: 313. doi:10.1007/BF00221225


Citrobacter freundii DSM 30040 immobilized on modified polyurethane carrier particles PUR 90/16 was used for continuous glycerol fermentation in an anaerobic fixed bed reactor with effluent recycle and pH control (fixed bed loop reactor). The fermentor was run with buffered mineral medium under growth conditions resulting in the permanent renewal of active biomass. The effects of glycerol concentration in the feed, dilution rate (D), pH and temperature (T) were investigated to optimize the process. With 400 mm glycerol in the feed, pH 6.9, T = 36°C and D = 0.5 h−1 the maximum productivity could be determined as 8.2 g/l per hour of 1,3-propanediol.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Pflugmacher
    • 1
  • G. Gottschalk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Mikrobiologie der Georg-August-UniversitätGöttingenGermany

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