Wetlands Ecology and Management

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 135–142

Wetland vegetation ecology on a reclaimed coal surface mine in southern Illinois, USA

  • C. Andrew Cole

DOI: 10.1007/BF00215320

Cite this article as:
Cole, C.A. Wetlands Ecol Manage (1992) 2: 135. doi:10.1007/BF00215320


An early successional wetland complex on a reclaimed surface coal mine in southern Illinois was studied 1985–1987. Seasonally, biomass was low, with above-ground values of 10–210g m−2 and below-ground biomass of 1.5–2435 g m−2. Biomass peaked in spring and did not vary much throughout the remainder of the growing season. Stem densities were high (179–1467 m−2) because large numbers of seedlings became established as falling water levels exposed large areas of mudflats. Fluctuating water levels led to a lack of community zonation. Species diversity (H′) was low to moderate over all sites with diversity values ranging between 1.86 and 3.27.


Biomassreclamationsurface minesvegetation communitieswetland developmentwetlands

Copyright information

© SPB Academic Publishing bv 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Andrew Cole
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologySouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleU.S.A.
  2. 2.Nova University Oceanographic CenterDaniaU.S.A.