, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 236-242

A large family with features of pseudoachondroplasia and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia: exclusion of seven candidate gene loci that encode proteins of the cartilage extracellular matrix

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We have identified a large family with a dominantly inherited chondrodysplasia characterized by a waddling gait, short limbs, and early onset osteoarthritis. The radiographic presentation resembles pseudoachondroplasia in childhood and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia in adults. Electron microscopic examination of cartilage reveals accumulation of material within the rough endoplasmic reticulum similar to that seen in pseudoachondroplasia and the Fairbank type of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia. By linkage analysis, we have excluded the genes for aggrecan, decorin, hexabrachion (tenascin), type II procollagen, the α1 chain of type XI procollagen, the α1 chain of type IX procollagen, and link protein, candidate genes that encode structural components of the cartilage extracellular matrix, as the disease locus for this disorder.