On the molecular nature of the Duarte variant of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT)
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- Lin, HC., Kirby, L.T., Ng, W.G. et al. Hum Genet (1994) 93: 167. doi:10.1007/BF00210604
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Galactosemia is an inborn error of galactose metabolism secondary to deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT). GALT is a polymorphic enzyme and Duarte (D) is the most common enzyme variant. This variant is characterized by faster electrophoretic mobility and reduced activity. Duarte/galactosemia compound heterozygotes (D/G) are commonly identified in galactosemia newborn screening programs. However, these patients do not generally require treatment. By using a “candidate mutation” approach to define the molecular basis of the Duarte variant of GALT, a close association between the previously reported N314D polymorphism and the Duarte variant of GALT was found. We suggest that N314D encodes the D variant of GALT and that molecular testing for N314D might be useful to confirm a biochemical diagnosis of Duarte variant of GALT.