Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 103–113

Gabor filters as texture discriminator

  • I. Fogel
  • D. Sagi

DOI: 10.1007/BF00204594

Cite this article as:
Fogel, I. & Sagi, D. Biol. Cybern. (1989) 61: 103. doi:10.1007/BF00204594


The present paper presents a model for texture discrimination based on Gabor functions. In this model the Gabor power spectrum of the micropatterns corresponding to different textures is calculated. A function that measures the difference between the spectrum of two micropatterns is introduced and its values are correlated with human performance in preattentive detection tasks. In addition, a two stage algorithm for texture segregation is presented. In the first stage the input image is transformed via Gabor filters into a representation image that allows discrimination between features by means of intensity differences. In the second stage the borders between areas of different textures are found using a Laplacian of Gaussian operator. This algorithm is sensitive to energy differences, rotation and spatial frequency and is insensitive to local translation. The model was tested by means of several simulations and was found to be in good correlation with known psychophysical characteristics as texton based texture segregation and micropattern density sensitivity. However, this simple model fails to predict human performance in discrimination tasks based on differences in the density of “terminators”. In this case human performance is better than expected.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Fogel
    • 1
  • D. Sagi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric OpticsSoreq Nuclear Research CenterYavneIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Applied Mathematics & Computer SciencesThe Weizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael