Molecular and genetic characterisation of German families with paramyotonia congenita and demonstration of founder effect in the Ravensberg families
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- Meyer-Kleine, C., Otto, M., Zoll, B. et al. Hum Genet (1994) 93: 707. doi:10.1007/BF00201577
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Eighteen German families with a history of paramyotonia congenita (PC) were characterised by genetic und mutational analysis at the SCN4A locus, which encodes the α-subunit of the adult skeletal muscle sodium channel. We concentrated our analysis primarily on these families to test the hypothesis that a predominance of one common mutation occurs in all German PC families and that this mutation arose in a common ancestor originating in the North-West of the country. The present eighteen PC families exhibit two different mutations (R1448C and R1448H) on various SCN4A dinucleotide repeat haplotypes and therefore the majority of the mutations probably occurred independently. However, the R1448H mutation is extremely frequent in the North-West of Germany (Ravensberger Land) on a specific SCN4A microsatellite haplotype, indicating a founder effect within this subpopulation. Our results suggest that the R1448C/R1448H mutations are by far the most common to be associated with the PC phenotype in the German population.