, Volume 189, Issue 4, pp 561-566

Physiological and biochemical characterization of glyoxalase I, a general marker for cell proliferation, from a soybean cell suspension

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Using a strictly auxin-dependent soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) cell suspension, we studied the correlation of auxin-dependent cell proliferation and the activity of glyoxalase I (S-lactoylglutathione-lyase EC, an enzyme generally associated with cell proliferation in animal, microbial and, as reported recently, also plant systems. We found the activity of glyoxalase I to be modulated during the proliferation cycle, with a maximal activity between day 2 and day 4 of culture growth. After starving the culture of auxins for three subsequent periods, both the enzyme activity and cell growth could be re-initiated with auxin. Enzyme activity reached its maximum 1 d before cell number was at a maximum. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity and characterized.

The authors thank Dr. K. Palme, Max-Planck-Institute, Cologne, for reverse-phase chromatography. Part of this work was done by C. Paulus at the Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India under the Bundesministerium für Forschung und Technologie (BMFT)-funded Indo-FRG collaboration programme. Thanks are due to Professors S. Guha-Mukherjee and S.K. Sopory, New Delhi, for introduction into glyoxalase research. The research was funded by a BMFT-DECHEMA fellowship to C. Paulus, a BMFT grant to H.-J. Jacobsen and a Graduierten Förderung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen fellowship to B. Köllner.