Cloning and sequence analysis of a cDNA for barley ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase and molecular analysis of photorespiratory mutants deficient in the enzyme
- Cite this article as:
- Avila, C., Márquez, A.J., Pajuelo, P. et al. Planta (1993) 189: 475. doi:10.1007/BF00198209
- 89 Views
The NH2-terminal sequences of ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase (Fd-GOGAT; EC 22.214.171.124) purified from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Dangeard), and of a barley peptide, were determined and the barley sequences were used to design oligonucleotide primers for the polymerase chain reaction. A specific 1.3-kilobase (kb) cDNA fragment specifying the NH2-terminal one-third of the mature barley polypeptide, was amplified, cloned and sequenced. The NH2-terminus of plant Fd-GOGAT is highly conserved and homologous to the NH2-terminus of the heavy subunit of Escherichia coli NADPH-GOGAT. Based on sequence homologies, we tentatively identified the NH2-terminal region of Fd-GOGAT as the glutamine-amidotransferase domain, which is related to the corresponding domain of the purF-type amidotransferases. The Fd-GOGAT cDNA clone, and polyclonal antibodies raised against the barley enzyme, were used to analyse four Fd-GOGAT-deficient photorespiratory mutants. Three mutants (RPr 82/1, RPr 82/9 and RPr 84/82) had no detectable Fd-GOGAT protein in leaves, while the fourth (RPr 84/42) had a small amount of cross-reacting material. Hybridization to Northern blots of total leaf RNA revealed that both RPr 82/9 and RPr 84/82 were indistinguishable from the parental line (Maris Mink), having normal amounts of a 5.7-kb mRNA species. On the other hand, RPr 82/2 and RPr 84/42 each contained two distinct hybridizing RNA species, one of which was larger than 5.7 kb, the other smaller. Using a set of wheat-barley telosomic addition lines we have assigned the Fd-GOGAT structural locus to the short arm of chromosome 2.
Key wordsAmidotransferaseAmino-terminal sequencesChromosomal assignmentGlutamate synthaseHordeum (mutants)Photorespiration mutants (barley)Polymerase chain reaction
polymerase chain reaction