, Volume 190, Issue 2, pp 221-226

Loss of arabinogalactan-proteins from the plasma membrane of NaCl-adapted tobacco cells

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Cultured cells of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) adapted to 428 mM NaCl exhibited a reduced rate of cell enlargement, which is probably due to decreased cell-wall extensibility. Arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) has been implicated as a cell-wall-loosening factor (Schopfer 1990). Levels of plasma membrane and extracellular AGPs that react with Yariv reagent were measured and compared between NaCl-adapted and unadapted tobacco cells. Unadapted cells contained a very high level of AGPs on the plasma membrane, which amounted to 0.16 μg·μg−1 membrane protein. In contrast, AGPs were virtually undetectable on the plasma membrane of NaCl-adapted cells. Accumulation of AGPs was also decreased in culture media of NaCl-adapted cells. These data support the hypothesis that AGPs participate in cell expansion. Possible mechanisms of the proposed cell-expansion role of AGPs are discussed.

This work was supported in part by a Mcknight Foundation fellowship to J.K.Z. This is journal paper No. 13,569 of Purdue University Agricultural Experimental Station. The authors thank Dr. Eugene A. Nothnagel for the Yariv reagent gift and for helpful discussion. The authors also thank Glenda McClatchey for excellent technical assistance.