Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 237–242

A binocular model for the simple cell


  • M. Nomura
    • NEC Corporation Fundamental Research Laboratories
  • G. Matsumoto
    • Electrotechnical Laboratory
  • S. Fujiwara
    • NEC Corporation Fundamental Research Laboratories

DOI: 10.1007/BF00195863

Cite this article as:
Nomura, M., Matsumoto, G. & Fujiwara, S. Biol. Cybern. (1990) 63: 237. doi:10.1007/BF00195863


We authors propose a mathematical model for simple cell binocular response. It comprises two Gabor-type receptive fields (RF) having the same RF center, preferred spatial frequency, and preferred orientation. The model integrates the equally weighted signals from both eyes and performs a threshold operation.

Poggio and Fischer (1977) classified binocular disparity cells in the striate cortex into four groups: tuned excitatory (TE), tuned inhibitory (TI), near, and far cells. They also found that most of the TE cells are ocularly balanced and that the other three types are usually unbalanced. This model can imitate these four types of disparity sensitivities and their ocular dominance tendency. We perform model fittings to Poggio's data using the “simulated annealing” method and discuss parameter dependence of the model's response. The model can also respond with exceptional disparity sensitivity: i.e., flat type, alternating type, and intermediate type.

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© Springer-Verlag 1990