, Volume 196, Issue 1, pp 141-147

Separation and characterization of the isoenzymes of wall-bound peroxidase from cultured Zinnia cells during tracheary element differentiation

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Abstract

Cell wall-bound peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7) isoenzymes (P1-P5) from cells of Zinnia elegans L. that were differentiating into tracheary elements were separated and characterized to obtain information about the relationships between these isoenzymes and the biosynthesis of lignin. Fractionation of Zinnia cells by centrifugation in solutions of Percoll revealed that P1, P2, and P5 were present in differentiated tracheary elements. These peroxidase isoenzymes were separated by several column-chromatographic steps. During hydrophobic chromatography on Phenyl Superose, P5 activity was separated into activities P5A and P5B. Enzymatically pure preparations of P1, P3, P5A, and P5B were finally obtained and used for the characterization of each isoenzyme. The optimum pH was 5.5–6.0 for P1, 5.0–7.5 for P3, 5.0 for P5A, and 4.0 for P5B. Each of the isoenzymes oxidized coniferyl alcohol efficiently, whereas p-coumaryl alcohol and sinapyl alcohol were poor substrates for all the isoenzymes. An absolute requirement for Ca2+ ions was demonstrated for P3. Based on these results, possible roles of peroxidase isoenzymes in the formation of lignin during the differentiation of tracheary elements are discussed.

The authors are very grateful to Professor M. Tanahashi of Gifu University for providing hydroxycinnamyl alcohols. This work was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan to H.F.