, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 215-220

Disposition and uric acid lowering effect of oxipurinol: comparison of different oxipurinol formulations and allopurinol in healthy individuals

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Abstract

We have investigated the disposition and plasma uric acid lowering effect of oxipurinol in ten healthy individuals following oral administration of three different formulations of oxipurinol and of allopurinol in equimolar doses. The reduction of plasma uric acid was clearcut up to 48 h. As estimated from plasma AUC0-∞, Cmax, tmax, tlag, and urinary drug excretion, a conventional rapid release preparation of oxipurinol sodium was clearly superior to oxipurinol as free acid and to enteric coated microtablets of oxipurinol sodium. Plasma oxipurinol concentrations following a single dose of the conventional formulation of oxipurinol sodium were approximately 25% lower than those observed after an equimolar dose (300 mg) of allopurinol, but mean Cmax reached the value reported to be necessary for 90% inhibition of xanthine oxidase. Since prolonged administration will result in accumulation of oxipurinol because of its slow elimination, this type of oxipurinol formulation can be expected to meet the therapeutic requirements for a drug to lower plasma uric acid.