Irrigation Science

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 187–192

Water quality in drip/trickle irrigation: A review

  • F. S. Nakayama
  • D. A. Bucks

DOI: 10.1007/BF00190522

Cite this article as:
Nakayama, F.S. & Bucks, D.A. Irrig Sci (1991) 12: 187. doi:10.1007/BF00190522


The intensive treatment of irrigation water required for the proper operation of drip irrigation systems is presently an accepted practice. To control emitter clogging, we need to know the basic causes of clogging. The major clogging factors have been identified and control measures developed to prevent emitter malfunction. All emitter clogging problems, however, have not been solved primarily because of cost. The main approach to control clogging is proper water treatment. The type of treatment is based on the quality of the irrigation water, which can be classified in terms of its physical, chemical and biological composition. The causes of emitter clogging and possible water treatment and preventive measures to maintain reliable operation are reviewed.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. S. Nakayama
    • 1
  • D. A. Bucks
    • 2
  1. 1.US Water Conservation LaboratoryPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.US Department of AgricultureAgricultural Research Service, National Program StaffBeltsvilleUSA