, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 423-432

An experimental study of two flows through an axisymmetric sudden expansion

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Abstract

Two turbulent separated and reattaching flows produced by a sudden expansion in a pipe have been studied. The first was produced by a simple axisymmetric sudden enlargement from a nozzle of diameter 80 mm to a pipe of diameter 150 mm. The second was the flow at the same enlargement with the addition of a centerbody 90 mm downstream of the nozzle exit. Detailed measurements of velocity and skin friction (made primarily using pulsed wires) and of wall static pressure are presented. Without the centerbody the flow structure is similar to that observed in other sudden pipe expansions and over backward-facing steps. A turbulent free shear layer, bearing some similarity to that of a round jet, grows from separation and then reattaches to the pipe wall downstream. Reattachment is a comparatively gradual process, the shear layer approaching the wall at a glancing angle. The introduction of the centerbody causes the shear layer to curve towards the wall and reattach at a much steeper angle. Reattachment is much more rapid; gradients of skin friction and pressure along the wall are many times those without the centerbody. The high curvature of the shear layer strongly influences its turbulent structure, locally suppressing turbulence levels and reducing its growth rate.