The metameric pattern of the head mesoderm — does it exist?
- Cite this article as:
- Freund, R., Dörfler, D., Popp, W. et al. Anat Embryol (1996) 193: 73. doi:10.1007/BF00186835
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It is a long-standing question whether the paraxial head mesoderm of vertebrate embryos is segmentally organized into somites like the trunk or not. On the one hand, no somites are seen in the anterior head mesoderm in vertebrate embryos, on the other hand, such a segmental pattern has been described under the name of somitomeres. In order to investigate the patterning of mesodermal cells in the head of avian embryos we performed scanning electron microscopy, computer assisted reconstructions of the head mesoderm and density analyses of head mesoderm cells. We observed regional differences within the head mesoderm of avian embryos, but we could not see a consistent somitomeric pattern in the head mesoderm. In sum, we consider that the avian head mesoderm is not arranged in a metameric pattern.