Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 337–341

Maternal rank affects reproductive success of male Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus): evidence from DNA fingerprinting

  • Andreas Paul Kuesterl
  • Joachim Arnemann

DOI: 10.1007/BF00170600

Cite this article as:
Kuesterl, A.P. & Arnemann, J. Behav Ecol Sociobiol (1992) 30: 337. doi:10.1007/BF00170600


Paternity determination by oligonucleotide fingerprinting confirms that maternal rank affects the reproductive success of male Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). High-born males began to reproduce significantly earlier and sired significantly more infants surviving to at least 1 year of age during the first 4 years of their reproductive career than low-born males. This relation was independent of the natal/non-natal status of the males, and was not affected by external conditions such as the level of intrasexual competition or the number of fertilizable females. Since high-ranking females in this population produced significantly more male offspring than low-ranking females, the data on sex ratio adjustment and comparative breeding success of sons and daughters are consistent with the predictions of the Trivers-Willard hypothesis.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Paul Kuesterl
    • 1
  • Joachim Arnemann
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut fur Anthropologie der Universität GöttingenGöttingenFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.National Institute of Medical ResearchLondonUK