Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 161–170

Trace metal content of the forest floor in the green mountains of Vermont: Spatial and temporal patterns

  • Andrew J. Friedland
  • Arthur H. Johnson
  • Thomas G. Siccama

DOI: 10.1007/BF00163621

Cite this article as:
Friedland, A.J., Johnson, A.H. & Siccama, T.G. Water Air Soil Pollut (1984) 21: 161. doi:10.1007/BF00163621


The organic horizons of forest soils in eleven stands along an elevational gradient on Camels Hump Mountain, Vermont, were analyzed for Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd, organic matter and organic C. Lead concentration and amount increased with elevation. Vertical profiles of forest floor in the boreal forest showed that highest concentrations for most metals occurred in the upper F horizon. Comparison with 1966 and 1977 samples from the same stands showed that concentrations of Pb, Cu, and Zn and percent organic matter increased by as much as 148% in the intervening 14 yr. Estimates of 1966 amounts of Pb, Cu, and Zn indicated that increases in trace metal amounts over the 14 yr period are consistent with annual deposition rates reported in the literature.

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Friedland
    • 1
  • Arthur H. Johnson
    • 2
  • Thomas G. Siccama
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology D4University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning and Department of GeologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaU.S.A.
  3. 3.Yale School of ForestryNew HavenU.S.A.

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