Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 215–234

Poverty dynamics in eight countries


  • Greg J. Duncan
    • Survey Research Center, Room 3260 ISRUniversity of Michigan
  • Björn Gustafsson
    • School of Economics and Commercial LawGothenberg University
  • Richard Hauser
    • Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
  • Günther Schmauss
    • CEPS/INSTEADInstitut Pédagogique
  • Hans Messinger
    • Statistics Canada, RH Coats Bldg., 24-MTunney's Pasture
  • Ruud Muffels
    • Department of Social Security StudiesTilburg University
  • Brian Nolan
    • The Economic and Social Research Institute
  • Jean-Claude Ray
    • Faculté de Droit, Sciences Economiques et Gestion, L.A.S.A.R.E.Université Nancy II, ADEPS

DOI: 10.1007/BF00163068

Cite this article as:
Duncan, G.J., Gustafsson, B., Hauser, R. et al. J Popul Econ (1993) 6: 215. doi:10.1007/BF00163068


Despite very different macroeconomic conditions, demographic structures and degrees of income inequality, favorable income changes among low-income families with children were widespread and strikingly similar across the eight countries in our study. In most European countries, the combination of modest inequality and extensive mobility among the poor enabled virtually all families to avoid relative income deprivation at least occasionally. However, even substantial mobility among the poor in the Unites States could not elevate the living standards of one in seven white and two in five black families to a level that was half that enjoyed by a typical American family.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993