Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 43-63

Turbulence structure of a tropical forest

  • R. T. PinkerAffiliated withDepartment of Meteorology, University of Maryland
  • , J. Z. HollandAffiliated withDepartment of Meteorology, University of Maryland

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A detailed analysis is presented of the horizontal wind fluctuations with periods 20 s to 1 hr, and their vertical structure as measured with light three-cup anemometers in a tropical forest environment. Information collected during the TREND (Tropical Environmental Data) experiment in a monsoon dominated region, was utilized. A special attempt was made to extract information relevant for dispersion modeling. Variability parameters within and above the forest canopy under different stability conditions were derived. A similar analysis was performed for a nearby clearing, to facilitate comparison between relatively smooth and rough surfaces, under identical ambient conditions. A limited sample of data (7 days) was utilized, initially, to develop a methodology to be later applied on a comprehensive data base, spanning the whole monsoon cycle.