A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia
- Lawrence R. Heaney
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Tropical rain forest in Southeast Asia has developed within an extensive archipelago during the past 65 million years or more. During the Miocene (beginning 25 million years BP), rain forest extended much further north (to southern China and Japan); since that time it has contracted. During the Pleistocene (beginning 2.0 million years BP), development of continental glaciers at high latitudes was associated in Southeast Asia with lowered sea level, cooler temperatures, and modified rainfall patterns. Fossil pollen records demonstrate that Southeast Asian vegetation during the last glacial maximum (ca. 18 000 BP) differed substantially from that of today, with an increase in the extent of montane vegetation and savannah and a decline in rain forest. These data show that the distribution and extent of rain forest in Southeast Asia has historically been quite sensitive to climatic change.
- Ashton, P.: 1972, ‘The Quaternary Geomorphological History of Western Malesia and Lowland Forest Phytogeography’, in P. Ashton and M. Ashton (eds.), The Quaternary Era in Malesia, Dept. Geogr., Univ. Hull, pp. 35–49.
- Audley-Charles, M. G.: 1987, ‘Dispersal of Gondwanaland: Relevance to Evolution’, in T. C. Whitmore (ed.), Biogeographical Evolution of the Malay Archipelago, Oxford Monogr. Biogeogr. 4, pp. 5–25.
- Cullen, J. L.: 1981, ‘Microfossil Evidence for Changing Salinity Patterns in the Bay of Bengal over the Last 20 000 Years’, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimat., Palaeoecolo. 35, 315–356.
- Duplessy, J. C.: 1982, ‘Glacial to Interglacial Contrasts in the Northern Indian Ocean’, Nature 295, 494–498.
- Flenley, J. R.: 1979, The Equatorial Rain Forest: a Geological History, Butterworths, London.
- Flenley, J. R.: 1984, ‘Later Quaternary Changes of Vegetation and Climate in the Malesian Mountains’, Erdwissensch. Forsch. 18, 261–267.
- Gascoyne, M., Benjamin, G. J., and Schwartz, H. P.: 1979, ‘Sea-Level Lowering during the Illinoian Glaciation: Evidence from a Bahama “Blue Hole”’, Science 205, 806–808.
- Hamilton, W.: 1979, ‘Tectonics of the Indonesian Region’, Geological Survey Prof. Pap. 1078, 1–345.
- Heaney, L. R.: 1986, ‘Biogeography of Mammals in SE Asia: Estimates of Rates of Colonization, Extinction, and Speciation’, Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 28, 127–165.
- Heaney, L. R.: ‘An Analysis of Patterns of Distribution and Species Richness among Philippine Fruit Bats (Pteropodidae)’, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., in press.
- Hopkins, D. M.: 1982, ‘Aspects of the Paleoecology of Beringia during the Late Pleistocene’, in D. M. Hopkins, J. V. Matthews, C. E. Schweger, and S. B. Young (eds.), Paleoecology of Beringia, Academic Press, New York, pp. 3–28.
- Kershaw, A. P.: 1985, ‘An Extended Late Quaternary Vegetation Record from Northeastern Queensland and Its Implications for the Seasonal Tropics of Australia’, Proc. Ecol. Soc. Australia 13.
- Kuenen, P. H.: 1950, Marine Geology, J. Wiley and Sons, New York.
- Mathur, Y. K.: 1984, ‘Cenozoic Palynofossils, Vegetation, Ecology and Climate of the North and Northwestern Subhimalayan Region, India’, in R. O. Whyte (ed.), The Evolution of the East Asian Environment, Univ. Hong Kong, Cent. Asian Stud., pp. 504–551.
- Mitchell, A. H. G., Hernandez, F., and dela Cruz, A. P.: 1986, ‘Cenozoic Evolution of the Philippine Archipelago’, J. Southeast Asian Earth Sci. 1, 3–22.
- Morley, R. J.: 1981, ‘Development and Vegetation Dynamics of a Lowland Ombogenous Peat Swamp in Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia’, J. Biogeography 8, 383–404.
- Morley, R. J.: 1982, ‘A Palaeoecological Interpretation of a 10 000 Year Pollen Record from Danau Padang, Central Sumatra, Indonesia’, J. Biogeography 9, 151–190.
- Morley, R. J., and Flenley, J. R.: 1987, ‘Late Cainozoic Vegetational and Environmental Changes in the Malay Archipelago’, in T. C. Whitmore (ed.), Biogeographical Evolution in the Malay Archipelago Oxford Monogr. Biogeography, 4, pp. 50–59.
- Muller, J.: 1972, ‘Palynological Evidence for Change in Geomorphology, Climate, and Vegetation in the Mio-Pliocene of Malesia,’ in P. Ashton and M. Ashton (eds.), The Quaternary Era in Malesia, Dept. Geogr. Univ. Hull, pp. 6–16.
- Newsome, J. and Flenley, J. R.: 1988, ‘Late Quaternary Vegetational History of the Central Highlands of Sumatra. II. Palaeopalynology and Vegetational History’, J. Biogeography 15, 555–578.
- Shackleton, N. J., Hall, M. A., Line, J., and Cang, S.: 1983, ‘Carbon Isotope Data in Core V19–30 Confirm Reduced Carbon Dioxide Concentration in the Ice Age Atmosphere’, Nature 306, 319–322.
- Song, Z., Li, H., Zheng, Y., and Liu, G.: 1984, ‘The Miocene Floristic Regions of East Asia’, in R. O. Whyte (ed.), The Evolution of the East Asian Environment, Univ. Hong Kong, Cntr. Asian Stud., pp. 448–460.
- Stuijts, I.: 1984, ‘Palynological Study of Situ Bayongbong, West Java’, Mod. Quatern. Res. SE Asia 8, 17–28.
- Tsuda, K., Itoigawa, J., and Yamanoi, T.: 1984, ‘On the Middle Miocene Environment of Japan with Special Reference to the Ancient Mangrove Swamps’, in R. O. Whyte (ed.), The Evolution of the East Asian Environment, Univ. Hong Kong, Cent. Asian Stud., pp. 388–396.
- Van Campo, E.: 1986, ‘Monsoon Fluctuations in Two 20 000-Yr B.P. Oxygen-Isotope/Pollen Records off Southwest India’, Quaternary Res. 26, 376–388.
- Verstappen, H. T.: 1975, ‘On Paleo-Climates and Landform Development in Malesia’, Mod. Quaternary Res. SE Asia 1, 3–35.
- Vondra, C. E., Mathisen, M. E., Burggraf, D. R., and Kvale, E. P.: 1982, ‘Plio-Pleistocene Geology of Northern Luzon, Philippines’, in G. Rapp and C. F. Vondra (eds.), Hominid Sites: Their Geological Settings, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 255–309.
- Walker, D.: 1986, ‘Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene Vegetational and Climatic Changes in Yunnan Province, Southwest China’, J. Biogeography 13, 477–486.
- Walker, D. and Flenley, J. R.: 1979, ‘Late Quaternary Vegetational History of the Enga District of Upland Papua New Guinea’, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 286, 265–344.
- Whitmore, T. C.: 1984, ‘A Vegetation Map of Malesia at Scale 1: 5 Million’, J. Biogeogr. 11, 461–471.
- Yang, H. and Xie, Z.: 1984, ‘Sea-Level Changes in East China over the Past 20 000 Years’, in R. O. Whyte (ed.), The Evolution of the East Asian Environment, Univ. Hong Kong, Cent. Asian Stud., pp. 288–308.
- A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia
Volume 19, Issue 1-2 , pp 53-61
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Zoology, Field Musem of Natural History, Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore Drive, 60605, Chicago, IL, U.S.A.