, Volume 18, Issue 9, pp 1013-1018

Ethanol production from corn cob pretreated by the ammonia steeping process using genetically engineered yeast

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A new and effective pretreatment process for biomass conversion involves the steeping of biomass in 2.9 M NH4OH. This resulted in the removing about 80–90% of the lignin along with almost all the acetate from cellulosic residues. Based on dry cellulose from corn cob, a high glucose yield of 92% was obtained after enzymatic saccharification of cellulose fraction. By using a genetically engineered, xylosefermenting Saccharomyces 1400(pLNH33) in the batch fermentation of a glucose-xylose mixture from corn cob, an ethanol concentration of 47 g/L was obtained within 36 h with 84% yield. In addition, an ethanol concentration of 45 g/L was obtained within 48 h with 86% yield using simultaneous saccharification-fermentation process.