Species, sets, and the derivative nature of Philosophy
- Leigh M. Van ValenAffiliated withBiology Dept. (Whitman), University of Chicago
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Concepts and methods originating in one discipline can distort the structure of another when they are applied to the latter. I exemplify this mostly with reference to systematic biology, especially problems which have arisen in relation to the nature of species. Thus the received views of classes, individuals (which term I suggest be replaced by “units” to avoid misunderstandings), and sets are all inapplicable, but each can be suitably modified. The concept of fuzzy set was developed to deal with species and I defend its applicability. Taxa at all levels are real and participate in biological processes. Analysis of cause and pattern provides the deep structure in which metabiology is grounded; violation of this principle has led to diverse errors in biology.
Key wordsConcept transfer species sets
- Species, sets, and the derivative nature of Philosophy
Biology and Philosophy
Volume 3, Issue 1 , pp 49-66
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- Kluwer Academic Publishers
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- 1. Biology Dept. (Whitman), University of Chicago, 915 E. 57th St., 60637, Chicago, Ill., U.S.A.