Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 495–519

Statistics of atmospheric turbulence within and above a corn canopy

  • J. D. Wilson
  • D. P. Ward
  • G. W. Thurtell
  • G. E. Kidd
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00120736

Cite this article as:
Wilson, J.D., Ward, D.P., Thurtell, G.W. et al. Boundary-Layer Meteorol (1982) 24: 495. doi:10.1007/BF00120736

Abstract

Two three-dimensional split-film anemometers were used to measure turbulence statistics within and above a corn canopy. Normalised profiles of mean windspeed, root-mean-square velocity, momentum flux, and heat flux were constructed from half-hourly averages by dividing within-canopy measurements by the simultaneous canopy-top measurement. With the exception of the heat flux, these profiles showed consistent shape from day to day. Time series of the three velocity components were recorded on magnetic tape and subsequently analysed to obtain Eulerian time and length scales and the power spectrum of each component at several heights. The timescale was found to have a local minimum value at the top of the canopy. However the length scale Lwformed from the timescale and the root-mean-square vertical velocity varied with height as Lw≃ 0.1 z. The power-spectra were non-dimensionalised to facilitate comparison of spectra at different heights and times. All spectra had -5/3 regions spanning at least two decades in frequency.

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Wilson
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. P. Ward
    • 1
    • 3
  • G. W. Thurtell
    • 1
  • G. E. Kidd
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Land Resource ScienceUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  2. 2.New Zealand Meteorological ServiceWellingtonNew Zealand
  3. 3.Micro Systems EngineeringScarboroughCanada