- Cite this article as:
- Breiman, L. Mach Learn (1996) 24: 49. doi:10.1007/BF00117832
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Stacking regressions is a method for forming linear combinations of different predictors to give improved prediction accuracy. The idea is to use cross-validation data and least squares under non-negativity constraints to determine the coefficients in the combination. Its effectiveness is demonstrated in stacking regression trees of different sizes and in a simulation stacking linear subset and ridge regressions. Reasons why this method works are explored. The idea of stacking originated with Wolpert (1992).