Ashenfelter, O. (1971). The effect of unionization on wages in the public sector. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 24: 191–202.
Baird, C. (1991). On strikers and their replacement. Government Union Review 12: 1–29.
Baumol, W.J. (1967). Macroeconomics of unbalanced growth: The anatomy of urban crisis. American Economic Review 57: 415–426.
Bennett, J.T. and Orzechowski, W. (1983). The voting behavior of bureaucrats: Some empirical evidence. Public Choice 41: 271–283.
Bergstrom, T.C. and Goodman, R.P. (1973). Private demands for public goods. American Economic Review 63: 280–296.
Borcherding, T.E. and Deacon, R.T. (1972). The demand for the services of non-federal governments. American Economic Review 62: 891–901.
Borcherding, T.E., Bush, W.C. and Spann, R.M. (1977). The effects of public spending on the divisibility of public outputs in consumption, bureaucratic power, and the size of the tax-sharing group. In T.E. Borcherding (Ed.), Budgets and bureaucrats: The sources of government growth. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Brennan, G. and Buchanan, J.M. (1980). The power to tax: Analytical foundations of a fiscal constitution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brunelli, S.A. and Cox, W. (1992). America's protected class: Why excess public employee compensation is bankrupting the States. The State Factor, 1–31. Washington, DC: American Legislative Exchange Council, February.
Buchanan, J.M. and Tullock, G. (1977). The expanding public sector: Wagner squared. Public Choice 32: 147–150.
Bush, W.C. and Denzau, A.T. (1977). The voting behavior of bureaucrats and public sector growth. In T.E. Borcherding (Ed.), Budgets and bureaucrats: The sources of government growth. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
California Commission on Campaign Financing. (1985). The new gold rush: California's legislative campaigns. Los Angeles: Center of Responsive Government.
Curme, M.A., Hirsch, B.T. and MacPherson, D.A. (1990). Union membership and contract coverage in the United States, 1983–1988. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 44: 5–33.
Ehrenberg, R.D. (1973). Municipal government structure, unionization, and the wages of fire fighters. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 27 (October): 36–48.
Gallagher, D.G. (1978). Teacher bargaining and school district expenditures: Industrial Relations 17: 216–239.
Gramlich, E.M. and Rubinfeld, D.L. (1982). Voting on public spending: Differences between public employees, transfer receipts, and private workers. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 1: 516–533.
Ichniowski, C. (1980). Economic effects of the Firefighters' Union. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 33: 198–211.
Indiana Chamber of Commerce. (1982). Unionization of government: Tug of war with the public interest. Indianapolis, Indiana. December.
Joulfaian, D. and Marlow, M.L. (1991). Centralization and government competition. Applied Economics 23: 1603–1612.
Logan, R.R. (1986). Fiscal illusion and the grantor government. Journal of Political Economy 96: 1304–1318.
Musgrave, R.A. and Musgrave, P.B. (1988). Public Finance in Theory and Practice. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.
Reder, M. (1988). The rise and fall of unions: The public sector and the private. Journal of Economic Perspectives 2: 89–110.
Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Public goods and the theory of groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Oates, W.E. (1985). Searching for Leviathan: An empirical study. American Economic Review 75: 748–757.
Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, various years.
Trejo, S.J. (1991). Public sector unions and municipal employment. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 45: 166–181.
Troy, L. (1988). Public sector unionism: The rising power center of organized labor. Government Union Review 9: 1–35.
Tullock, G. (1974). Dynamic hypothesis on bureaucracy. Public Choice 19: 127–131.
Winer, S.L. (1983). Some evidence on the effect of the separation of spending and taxing decisions. Journal of Political Economy 91: 126–140.
Zax, J. and Ichniowski, C. (1988). The effects of public sector unionism on pay, employment, department budgets, and municipal expenditures. In R.B. Freeman and C. Ichniowski (Eds.), When public sector workers unionize. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.