, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 39-82

First online:

A karyological study of 55 species of birds, including karyotypes of 39 species new to cytology

  • R. H. R. BeltermanAffiliated withBiological Research Department, Royal Rotterdam Zoological and Botanical Gardens
  • , L. E. M. De BoerAffiliated withBiological Research Department, Royal Rotterdam Zoological and Botanical Gardens

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The karyotypes of 39 avian species new to cytology are described, viz. Pelecanus crispus, P. occidentalis and Morus bassanus (Pelecaniformes), Ardea goliath, Ciconia episcopus and Leptoptilos javanicus (Ciconiiformes), Anas castanea, Anseranas semipalmata, Cereopsis novaehollandiae, Chloephaga rubidiceps and Netta rufina (Anseriformes), Falco jugger and Milvago chimachima (Falconiformes), Aepypodius arfakianus, A. bruijnii, Guttera plumifera, G. edouardi, Lophura edwardsi, L. imperialis and Ortalis canicollis (Galliformes), Grus rubicunda (Gruiformes), Caloenas nicobarica, Goura cristata and G. scheepmakeri (Columbiformes), Musophaga violacea (Cuculiformes), Bubo africanus, Ciccaba woodfordii, Ketupa zeylonensis, Ninox novaeseelandiae, Otus leucotis and Phodilus badius (Strigiformes), Podargus strigoides (Caprimulgiformes), Aceros undulatus, Bucorvus abyssinicus, B. leadbeateri, Buceros bicornis and Tockus fasciatus (Coraciiformes), Cephalopterus penduliger and Picathartes gymnocephalus (Passeriformes). The karyotypes of 16 additional species are presented for reasons of comparison or due to incomplete descriptions in the previous literature, viz. Pelecanus onocrotalus and Phalacrocorax carbo (Pelecaniformes), Ciconia nigra and Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Ciconiiformes), Anser cygnoides and Chauna chavaria (Anseriformes), Falco biarmicus (Falconiformes), Acryllium vulturinum (Galliformes), Grus japonensis, Cariama cristata and Psophia crepitans (Gruiformes), Bubo bubo, Nyctea scandiaca and Tyto alba (Strigiformes), Coracias benghalensis (Coraciiformes) and Corvus corone (Passeriformes).

An account is given of the authors' experience with the methodology of culturing avian blood lymphocytes and staining avian chromosomes. The karyotaxonomical implications of the new data are briefly discussed for each individual order.