Regular Paper


, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 65-71

First online:

Maintenance of biodegradation capacities of aerobic bacteria during long-term preservation

  • Elke LangAffiliated withDSM-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH
  • , Khursheed A. MalikAffiliated withDSM-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH

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Six strains of aerobic Gram negative bacteria degrading toluene, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate, 2,2-dichloropropionate or 3-chlorobenzoate were freeze-dried and liquid-dried in the presence or absence of a protective agent. Survival and maintenance of the biodegradation capability was checked before and after drying, and after storage of the ampoules for one year at 4° or 25°C. In many cases, stability of the degradation potential was low although viability was high. Survival and stability of all strains was always highest after preservation by liquid drying in the presence of myo-inositol and activated charcoal as protective agents. Losses of biodegradation abilities were highest after freeze-drying using no protective agents. Cells grown on complex medium were less sensitive to drying than cells grown under selective pressure (on mineral medium with a special compound as the sole carbon source). A choice of the most appropriate preservation method and the use of an effective protectant is recommended to avoid genetic alterations, and to maintain biodegradation capacities during long-term preservation.

Key words

liquid-drying lyophilization biodegradation capacities long-term preservation plasmids