Secondary successional patterns in a sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) community as they relate to soil disturbance and soil biological activity
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The relationship between secondary succession, soil disturbance, and soil biological activity were studied on a sagebrush community (Artemisia tridentata) in the Piceance Basin of northwestern Colorado, U.S.A. Four levels of disturbance were imposed. I: the vegetation was mechanically removed and as much topsoil as possible was left; 2: the vegetation was mechanically removed and the topsoil scarified to a depth of 30 cm; 3: topsoil and subsoil were removed to a depth of 1 m, mixed and replaced; 4: topsoil and subsoil were removed to a depth of 2 m and replaced in a reverse order. Plant species composition, dehydrogenase and phosphatase enzymatic activity, mycorrhizae infection potentials, and percent organic matter were the variables measured.
Treatment 4 drastically altered the pattern of vegetation succession. Treatments 2, 3, and 4 started with Salsola iberica as the dominant species but six years later, 3 and to lesser extent 2 changed in the direction of the species composition of 1, dominated by perennial grasses and perennial forbs. Treatment 4 developed a shrub dominated community. The rate of succession was not decreased by the increased levels of disturbance. Both dehydrogenase enzyme activity and mycorrhizae infection potential (MIP) increased with the change from Salsola iberica to a vegetation dominated by either perennial grasses and forbs or shrubs. The intensity of disturbance in 2, 3, and 4 reduced drastically dehydrogenase activity and MIP, but in six years they recovered to levels comparable to 1. Phosphatase enzyme activity and organic matter were unrelated to species composition but related to treatment and time elapsed. In both cases a significant decrease was observed throughout the six-year period.
- Aweto, A. O., 1981. Secondary succession and soil fertility restoration in southwestern Nigeria: 2. Soil fertility restoration. J. Ecol. 69: 609–614.
- Bard, G. E., 1952. Secondary succesion on the Piedmont of New Jersey. Ecol. Monogr. 22: 195–216.
- Chertov, O. G. & Razumovskii, S. M., 1980. Ecological trends in soil forming processes. Zh. Obshch. Biol. 41: 386–396.
- Connell, J. H. & Slatyer, R. O., 1977. Mechanisms of succession in natural communities and the role in community stability and organization. Am. Nat. 111: 1119–1144.
- Cundell, A. M., 1977. The role of microorganisms in the revegetation of strip-mined land in the western United States. J. Range Manage. 30: 299–305.
- Davidson, R. L., 1965. An experimental study of succession in the Transvaal Highveld. In: D. S.Davis, D.DeMeillon, J. S.Harrington & M.Valk (eds.), Ecological Studies in Southern Africa, pp. 113–125. W. Junk, The Hague.
- Drury, W. H. & Nisbet, I. C. T., 1973. Succession. J. Arnold Arbor, Harv. Univ. 54: 331–368.
- Egler, F. E., 1976. Nature of Vegetation, Its Management and Mismanagement. Comm. Cons. Assoc., Bridgewater, Conn. 527 pp.
- Fisher, R. A., 1958. Statistical Method for Research Workers, 13th ed. Hafner, New York, N.Y. 175 pp.
- Grime, J. P., 1979. Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes. John Wiley & Sons. 222 pp.
- Harrington, H. D., 1964. Manual of the Plants of Colorado. The Swallow Press Inc., Chicago, Ill. 666 pp.
- Hersman, L. E. & Klein, D. A., 1979. Evaluation of retorted soil shale effects on the microbiological characteristics of surface soil used in land reclamation and revegetation processes. J. Environ. Qual. 8: 524–529.
- Horn, H. S., 1974. The ecology of secondary succession. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5: 25–37.
- Hulst, R.van, 1978. On the dynamics of vegetation patterns of environmental and vegetation changes. Vegetatio 38: 63–76.
- Klein, D. A., Sorensen, D. L. & Metzger, W., 1982. Soil micro-organisms and management of retorted shale reclamation. In: E. F.Redente & C. W.Cook (eds.), Revegetation Studies on Oil Shale Related Disturbances in Colorado, pp. 27–44. DOE/EV/04018–6. Dept. Range Sci., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins.
- Kuprevich, V. F. & Shcherbakova, T. A., 1966. Soil Enzymes (translated from the Russian by the Indian National Scientific Documentation Center, Delhi, for the U.S. Department of Agriculture). National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va. 392 pp.
- Langford, A. N. & Buell, K. F., 1969. Interpretation, identity and stability in the plant association. In: J. B.Cragg (ed.), Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 6, pp. 83–135. Academic Press, New York, N.Y.
- Matthew, H. H. & Vankat, J. L., 1982. Species removal from a first year old field plant community. Ecology 63: 705–711.
- Mielke, P. W., Berry, K. J. & Brier, G. W., 1981a. Application of multi-response permutation procedures for examining seasonal changes in monthly mean sea-level pressure patterns. Mon. Weather Rev. 109: 120–126.
- Mielke, P. W., Berry, K. J., Brockwell, P. J. & Williams, J. S., 1981b. A class of non-parametric tests based on multi-response permutation procedures. Biometrika 68: 720–724.
- Mielke, P. W. & Iyer, H. K., 1982. Permutation techniques for analyzing multi-response data from randomized block experiments. Commun. Statis.-Theor. Meth. 11: 1427–1437.
- Moorman, T. & Reeves, F. B., 1979. The role of endomycorrhizae in revegetation practices in the semiarid west: II. A bioassay to determine the effect of land disturbance on endomycorrhizae populations. Am. J. Bot. 66: 14–18.
- Neil, E. W. & Tueller, P. T., 1971. Special approaches to studies of competition and succession in shrub communities. In: Wildland Shrubs, Their Biology and Utilization, pp. 165–171. Intermt. For. Range Exp. Stn., USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-1, 1972.
- Noble, I. R. & Slatyer, R. O., 1980. The use of vital attributes to predict successional changes in plant communities subject to recurrent disturbances. Vegetatio 43: 5–21.
- Parkinson, D., 1979. Microbes, mycorrhizae and mine spoil. In: M. K.Wali (ed.), Ecology and Coal Resource Development, Vol. 2, pp. 634–642. Pergamon Press, New York, N.Y.
- Peet, R. K. & Christensen, N. L., 1980. Succession: A population process. Vegetatio 43: 131–140.
- Phillips, D. L., 1978. Polynomial ordination: Field and computer simulation testing of a new method. Vegetatio 37: 129–140.
- Redente, E. F., Doerr, T. B., Grygiel, C. E. & Biondini, M. E., 1984. Vegetation establishment and succession on disturbed soils in northwestern Colorado. Recl. & Reveg. Res. 3: 153–165.
- Redente, E. F., Doerr, T. B., Grygiel, C. E., Allerdings, E., Stark, J. M. & Biondini, M. E., 1982. Effect of plant species, soil material and cultural practices upon plant establishment and succession. In: E. F.Redente & C. W.Cook (eds.). Revegetation Studies on Oil Shale Related Disturbances in Colorado, pp. 1–25. DOE/EV/0401806. Dept. Range Sci., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins.
- Reeves, F. B., Reinsvold, R., Saboloni, J. & Park, A., 1982. Importance of mycorrhizal fungi in regulating disturbed soils and retorted shale. In: E. F.Redente & C. W.Cook (eds.), Revegetation Studies on Oil Shale Related Disturbances in Colorado, pp. 45–65, DOE/EV/04018–6. Dept. Range Sci., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins.
- Reeves, F. B., Wagner, D., Moorman, T. & Kiel, J., 1979. The role of endomycorrhizae in revegetation practices in the semiarid West: I. A comparison of incidence of mycorrhizae in severely disturbed vs natural environment. Am. J. Bot. 66: 6–13.
- Rice, E. L., 1974. Inhibition of nitrification by vegetation; Increases during succession and pronounced inhibition by climax ecosystems. In: E. L.Rice (ed.), Allelopathy, Academic Press, New York, N.Y.
- Rice, E. L. & Mallik, M. A. B., 1977. Causes of decreases in residual carbohydrate activity in soil during old-field succession. Ecology 58: 1297–1309.
- Robertson, G. P. & Vitousek, P. M., 1982. Nitrification potentials in primary and secondary succession. Ecology 62: 376–386.
- Ross, D. J., Speir, T. W., Tate, K. R., Cains, A., Meyrick, K. F. & Pausier, E. A., 1982. Restoration of pasture after topsoil removal: Effects on soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization, microbial biomass and enzyme activities. Soil. Biol. Biochem. 14: 475–481.
- Schmidt, S. & Reeves, F. B., 1982. Effect of non-mycorrhizal pioneer plant Salsola kali L. (Chenopodiaceae) on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. Am. J. Bot. (in press).
- Shavkat, S., Khan, S. D. & Gadir, J. A., 1982. The vegetation dynamics of calcareous hills around Karachi, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 13: 17–38.
- Skujins, J., 1978. History of abiotic soil enzyme research. In: R. G.Burns (ed.), Soil Enzymes, pp. 1–49. Academic Press, London, England.
- Speir, T. W. & Ross, D. J., 1978. Soil phosphatase and sulfatase. In: R. G.Burns (ed.), Soil Enzymes, pp. 197–250. Academic Press, London, England.
- Titlyanova, A. A., 1982. Ecosystem succession and biological turnover. Vegetatio 50: 43–51.
- Vitousek, P. M. & Reiners, W. A., 1975. Ecosystem succession and nutrient retention: A hypothesis. BioScience 25: 376–381.
- Weaver, J. E. & Clements, F. E., 1938. Plant Ecology. McGraw-Hill, New York. 601 pp.
- Zedler, J. & Zedler, P., 1969. Association of species and their relationship to microtopography within old fields. Ecology 50: 432–442.
- Secondary successional patterns in a sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) community as they relate to soil disturbance and soil biological activity
Volume 60, Issue 1 , pp 25-36
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Artemisia tridentata
- Sagebrush community
- Soil biological activity
- Soil disturbance