Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 105–112

Smoking behavior following diagnosis in patients with Stage I non-small cell lung cancer

  • Ellen R. Gritz
  • Rosane Nisenbaum
  • Robert E. Elashoff
  • E. Carmack Holmes
Research Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00053129

Cite this article as:
Gritz, E.R., Nisenbaum, R., Elashoff, R.E. et al. Cancer Causes Control (1991) 2: 105. doi:10.1007/BF00053129

The cigarette-smoking behavior of 840 patients with resected Stage I non-small cell lung cancer was analyzed prospectively for up to four years following diagnosis. Lung cancer patients were heavier smokers at diagnosis than other cancer patients and the general population. At one year, only 16.8 percent of the 317 current smokers at baseline, who were followed for two years or longer, continued to smoke, while 83.2 percent of patients either quit permanently (53.0 percent) or for some time period (30.2 percent). By two years, permanent cessation stabilized at over 40 percent; however, the prevalence of continuing smoking decreased through all periods of follow-up. Subjects who tried to quit or did quit permanently were more likely to be female and healthier than continuous smokers.

Key words

Cigarettes lung cancer smoking smoking cessation 

Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ellen R. Gritz
    • 1
  • Rosane Nisenbaum
    • 3
  • Robert E. Elashoff
    • 4
  • E. Carmack Holmes
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Cancer Control, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Surgery, Division of Head and Neck Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaLos Angeles
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsSchool of Public HealthUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biomathematics and BiostatisticsSchool of Medicine and School of Public HealthUSA
  5. 5.Department of Surgery, Division of Surgery/OncologySchool of MedicineUSA