, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 103-109

Phenology of trees in a sub-tropical humid forest in north-eastern India

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Abstract

Phenological observations were made on 122 tree species in a subtropical humid seasonal forest in north-eastern India. The forest had a high proportion of evergreen compared to deciduous species. Leaf-fall of most of the tree species coincided with the dry season. Flushing started towards the end of the dry season for a majority of the tree species, the degree and period of leaflessness varying with the species. Leaf production in the overstorey species extended over a longer period compared to the understorey species. For most of the species, flowering coincided with leaflessness. Proportionately more overstorey species flowered during the dry season and wet season flowering was more characteristic of understorey species. A majority of the species produced fleshy fruits during the wet season. Fruits, produced during the dry season, were mostly dry.

Nomenclature follows. Holdridge, L. R., 1967. Life zone Ecology. Tropical Science Center, San Jose, Costa Rica.
This work was supported by a research grant from the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. The authors are thankful to K. Haridasan, Taxonomy laboratory, Department of Botany, NEHU for the help in species identification.