, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 1-9

Species-rich beech woods in mesic habitats in central and western Europe: a regional classification into suballiances

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Abstract

On the basis of 8697 relevés a syntaxonomical survey of beech woods of central and western Europe is presented. The review table is restricted to beech and fir-beech communities in mesic habitats (without Luzulo- and Cephalanthero-Fagenion). It shows 11 groups of differential species. Their combination leads to 4 suballiances of Fagion: Endymio-, Scillo-, Galio odorati- and Lonicero alpigenae-Fagenion. For each suballiance the nomenclatural type and a short description is given.