, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 455-466

Subcritical free-surface flow caused by a line source in a fluid of finite depth

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Abstract

An integral equation is derived and solved numerically to compute the flow and the free surface shape generated when water flows from a line source into a fluid of finite depth. At very low values of the Froude number, stagnation point solutions are found to exist over a continuous range in the parameter space. For each value of the source submergence depth to free stream depth ratio, an upper bound on the existence of stagnation point solutions is found. These results are compared with existing known solutions. A second integral equation formulation is discussed which investigates the hypothesis that these upper bounds correspond to the formation of waves on the free surface. No waves are found, however, and the results of the first method are confirmed.