Bakker, J. P., de, Leeuw, J. & van, Wieren, S. E. 1987. Micropatterns in grassland vegetation created and substained by sheep grazing. Vegetatio 55: 153–161.
Brown, V. K. 1990. Insect herbivory and its effect on plant succession. In: Burdon, J. J. & Leather, S. R. (eds.), Pests, pathogens and plant communities, pp. 275–288. Blackwell, Oxford.
Brown, V. K. & Gange, A. C. 1989a. Differential effects of above-and below-ground insect herbivory during early plant succession. Oikos 54: 67–76.
Brown, V. K. & Gange, A. C. 1989b. Herbivory by soildwelling insects depresses plant species richness. Funct. Ecol. 3: 667–671.
Brown, V. K. & Gange, A. C. 1990. Insect herbivory below ground. Adv. Ecol. Res. 20: 1–58.
Brown, V. K. & Hyman, P. S. 1986. Successional communities of plants and phytophagous Coleoptera. J. Ecol. 74: 963–975.
Brown, V. K., Jepsen, M. & Gibson, C. W. D. 1988. Insect herbivory: effects on early old field succession demonstrated by chemical exclusion methods. Oikos 52: 293–302.
Brown, V. K. & Southwood, T. R. E. 1987. Secondary succession: patterns and strategies. In: Gray, A. J., Crawley, M. J. & Edwards, P. J. (eds.), Colonization, succession and stability, pp. 315–338. Blackwell, Oxford.
Clements, R. O., Bentley, B. R. & Nuttall, R. M. 1987. The invertebrate population and response to pesticide treatment of two permanent and two temporary pastures. Ann. Appl. Biol. 111: 399–407.
East, R. & Willoughby, B. E. 1983. Grass grub (Costelytra zealandica) population collapse in the northern North Island. N.Z.J. Agric. Res. 26: 381–390.
Edwards, C. A. & Fletcher, K. E. 1971. A comparison of extraction methods for terrestrial arthropods. In: Phillipson, J. (ed) Methods of study in quantitative soil ecology: population, production and energy flow, pp. 150–185. Blackwell, Oxford.
Edwards-Jones, G. 1988. Insect herbivore load and plant succession. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Evans, E. W. 1990. Experimental manipulation of herbivores in native tallgrass prairie: responses of aboveground arthropods. Am. Midl. Nat. 125: 37–46.
Franklin, J. F. 1989. Importance and justification of long-term studies in ecology. In: Likens, G. E. (ed), Long-term studies in ecology. Approaches and alternatives, pp. 3–19. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Gange, A. C., Brown, V. K., Barlow, G. S., Whitehouse, D. M. & Moreton, R. J. 1991. Spatial distribution of garden chafer larvae in a golf tee. J. Sports Turf Res. Inst. (67: 8–13).
Gange, A. C., Brown, V. K. & Farmes, L. M. 1991. Mechanisms of seedling mortality by subterranean insect herbivores. Oecologia 88: 228–232.
Gibson, C. W. D., Brown, V. K. & Jepsen, M. 1987. Relationships between the effects of insect herbivory and sheep grazing on seasonal changes in an early successional plant community. Oecologia 71: 245–253.
Gibson, D. J., Freeman, C. C. & Hulbert, L. C. 1990. Effects of small mammal and invertebrate herbivory on plant species richness and abundance in tallgrass prairie. Oecologia 84: 169–175.
Grubb, P. J. 1977. The maintenance of species-richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche. Biol. Rev. 52: 107–145.
Harper, J. L. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, London.
Hendrix, S. D., Brown, V. K. & Dingle, H. 1988. Arthropod guild structure during early old field succession in a new and old world site. J. Anim. Ecol. 57: 1053–1065.
Kinsman, S. & Platt, W. J. 1984. The impact of a herbivore upon Mirabilis hirsuta, a fugitive prairie plant. Oecologia 65: 2–6.
Lawton, J. H. & Strong, D. R. 1981. Community patterns and competition in folivorous insects. Am. Nat. 118: 317–338.
Louda, S. M. 1982. Limitation of the recruitment of the shrub Haplopappus squarrosus (Asteraceae) by flower-feeding and seed-feeding insects. J. Ecol. 70: 43–54.
Martin, H. & Worthing, C. R. 1976. Insecticide and Fungicide Handbook. Blackwell, Oxford.
Paul, N. D., Ayres, P. G. & Wyness, L. E. 1989. On the use of fungicides for experimentation in natural vegetation. Funct. Ecol. 3: 759–769.
Prins, A. H. & Nell, H. W. 1990. Positive and negative effects of herbivory on the population dynamics of Senecio jacobaea L. and Cynoglossum officinale L. Oecologia 83: 325–332.
Root, R. B. 1973. Organisation of a plant arthropod association in simple and diverse habitats: the fauna of collards (Brassica oleracea). Ecol. Mon. 43: 95–124.
Southwood, T. R. E., Brown, V. K. & Reader, P. M. 1979. The relationships of plant and insect diversities in succession. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 12: 327–348.
Waloff, N. 1980. Studies of grassland leaf-hoppers and their natural enemies. Adv. Ecol. Res. 11: 82–215.