, Volume 9, Issue 1-2, pp 3-12

Molecular arrangement of pigment-protein complex of photosystem 1

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Abstract

The circular dichroism (CD) method was applied to study the molecular organization of P700, antenna chlorophyll and protein of photosystem 1 complexes (CP1), isolated from chloroplasts under mild treatment with Triton X-100. Analysis of CD spectra and protein: chlorophyll: P700 ratios for CP1 complexes that were different in their chlorophyll content indicate that CP1 preparations can be considered as a mixture of CP1-RC, containing P700 (10–20%), and CP1-LH without P700 (80–90%). Both types of complexes contain approximately 25 chlorophyll molecules, and the destruction of their spatial organization with detergents represents a cooperative transition. The rate of chlorophyll destruction in CP1-LH is much higher than that in CP1-RC. In both complexes a 65 kDa polypeptide predominates, whose secondary structure (typical for α/β proteins) is stable to Triton X-100 and does not depends on the chlorophyll content. Chlorophyll seems to be grouped in clusters (5–7 molecules) in the hydrophobic cores of 2–3 parallel α/β domains of the 65 kDa protein. Only one of the clusters in CP1-RC includes P700; on P700 photooxidation the change of its interaction with the nearest pigment environment results in a complicated shape of the light-induced CD spectra.

Dedicated to Prof. L.N.M. Duysens on the occasion of his retirement