The population dynamics of the mangrove Avicennia marina; demographic synthesis and predictive modelling Authors
Cite this article as: Clarke, P.J. Hydrobiologia (1995) 295: 83. doi:10.1007/BF00029114 Abstract
Population dynamics of the widespread mangrove
Avicennia marina was studied over the complete life-history from zygotes through to adults in southeastern Australia. Zygote survival, propagule dispersal, seedling establishment, seedling recruitment and sapling recruitment were examined by demographic censuses over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Hypotheses about factors regulating survival were tested by manipulative field experiments. Life table statistics for survival and fecundity were used to calculate transition probabilities and their variance for seven stages of life history. These parameters were used as the basis of a stochastic model that predicts population structure after small and large scale perturbations. Key words mangroves Avicennia marina population dynamics demography modelling Download to read the full article text References
Ball, M. C., 1988. Ecophysiology of mangroves. Trees 2: 129–142.
Burns, B. R. & J. Ogden, 1985. The demography of the temperature mangrove [
Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.] at its southern limit in New Zealand. Aust. J. Ecol. 10: 125–133.
Caswell, H., 1989. Matrix population models. Sinauer, Sutherland, Massachusetts, 362 pp.
Clarke, P. J. & W. G. Allaway, 1993. The regeneration niche of the grey mangrove (
); effects of salinity, light and sediment factors on establishment, growth and survival in the field. Oecologia 93: 548–556.
Clarke, P. J. & P. J. Myerscough, 1991. Floral Biology and reproductive phenology of
Avicennia marina in south-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Bot. 39: 283–293.
Clarke, P. J. & P. J. Myerscough, 1993. The intertidal limits of
Avicennia marina in southeastern Australia; the effects of physical conditions, interspecific competition and predation on establishment and survival. Aust. J. Ecol. 18: 307–315.
Clarke, P. J., 1992. Predispersal mortality and fecundity in the grey mangrove (
Avicennia marina) in south-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Ecol. 17: 161–168.
Clarke, P. J., 1993. Dispersal of grey mangrove (
) propagules in south-eastern Australia. Aquat. Bot. 45: 195–204.
Duke, N. C., 1991. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus
Avicennia (Avicenniacea) in Australasia. Aust. Syst. Bot. 4: 299–324.
Grant, D. L., P. J. Clarke & W. G. Allaway, 1993. The response of grey mangrove (
) seedlings to spills of crude oil. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 171: 273–295.
Harcombe, P. A., 1987. Tree life tables. Bioscience 37: 557–568.
Jimenez, J. A., A. E. Lugo & G. Citron, 1985. Tree mortality in mangrove forests. Biotropica 17: 35–51.
Landsberg, J. J., 1986. Physiological ecology of forest production. Academic Press, London, 282 pp.
Rabinowitz, D., 1978. Dispersal properties of mangrove propagules. Biotropica 10: 47–57.
Robertson, A. I., R. Giddens & T. J. Smith, 1990. Seed predation by insects in tropical mangrove forests: extent and effects on seed viability and growth of seedlings. Oecologia 83: 213–219.
Shugart, H. H. & D. L. Urban, 1988. Factors affecting the relative abundance of forest tree species. In P. J. Grubb & J. B. Whittaker (ed.), Toward a more exact ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications: Oxford: 249–273.
Silvertown, J., M. Franco & K. McKonway, 1992. A demographic interpretation of Grime's triangle. Funct. Ecol. 6: 130–136.
Smith, T. J., 1987. Effects of seed predators and light level on the distribution of
Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. in tropical, tidal forests. Estuar. coast Shelf Sci. 25: 43–51. Copyright information
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995