, Volume 167, Issue 1, pp 549–554

Copepoda from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

  • Arthur G. Humes
Part Seven: Parasitic and Associated Copepods

DOI: 10.1007/BF00026351

Cite this article as:
Humes, A.G. Hydrobiologia (1988) 167: 549. doi:10.1007/BF00026351


Recent explorations of hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific (Juan de Fuca spreading zone, Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California, East Pacific Rise at 21° N and 13° N, and Galapagos Rift) and on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge have revealed many copepods, mostly siphonostomatoids with few poecilostomatoids. In these habitats in depths from 1 808 to 3 650 m water temperatures may reach nearly 15 ° C. Among more than 22 000 copepods from vents examined two new families, 11 new genera, and 32 new species were represented.

In addition, two new copepods were found in 3 260 m at cold seeps at the base of the West Florida Escarpment in the Gulf of Mexico, an environment not thermally active, with water temperatures about 4.39 °C.

Some of these copepods were associated with host invertebrates such as a Nuculana-like protobranch bivalve, a polychaete, and two species of shrimps. Others were obtained from washings of bivalves or vestimentiferans or by means of corers or slurp guns.

Key words

Copepodadeep seahydrothermal ventscold seepsPoecilostomatoidaSiphonostomatoida

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur G. Humes
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Biological LaboratoryBoston University Marine ProgramWoods HoleUSA