The geographical distribution of Triops australiensis (Crustacea: Notostraca) in Australia: a biogeoclimatic analysis
- Cite this article as:
- Williams, W.D. & Busby, J.R. Hydrobiologia (1991) 212: 235. doi:10.1007/BF00026006
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Until relatively recently many species of entomostracan crustaceans were thought to have widespread, even cosmopolitan distributions. Evidence now suggests that this is far less the case than thought. However, an exception appears to be provided by the crustaceans of episodically filled waterbodies. Typically these include Anostraca, Notostraca and Conchostraca. The paper considers the distribution of Triops australiensis (Branchiopoda: Notostraca) in Australia. There, it is a frequent inhabitant of episodically filled temporary waters. It is absent from such waters in northern Australia. A biogeoclimatic analysis using the program BIOCLIM indicates that this is because of the absence of suitable localities. BIOCLIM enables the preparation of maps which provide statistical predictions of climates suitable for the survival of a particular taxon. These predictions are based upon the known climate of localities where the taxon in question actually occurs. It is suggested that for the biota of shallow ephemeral waters (such as those typically inhabited by Anostraca, Conchostraca and Notostraca) biogeoclimatic analysis has a powerful predictive value.