Heterosis in crisphead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) hybrids
- Cite this article as:
- Langton, F.A., Smith, J.W.M. & Edmondson, R.N. Euphytica (1990) 49: 15. doi:10.1007/BF00024126
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Six of 16 F1 hybrids from diverse crosses of crisphead lettuce with butterhead, cos or other crispheads significantly outyielded their respective better parent. Four were crosses between crisphead and cos parents, one was a butterhead × crisphead cross and one, a winter crisphead × winter crisphead cross. This latter hybrid plus one other also proved heterotic in a subsequent trial of ten crosses involving five winter crisphead parents, with yield excesses over better parent of 16 and 19%. It appeared significant that the heterotic crosses were given by parents of dissimilar origin. Trials of F2 segregants from one of these heterotic hybrids enabled predictions to be made for 10.2 to 24.1% yield increases over better parent by the retention and clonal multiplication of the 10% highest yielding selections. Heterosis demonstrated in these trials may constitute the first reported cases in lettuce.