Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 137–141

The biosynthesis and translocation of 14C-IAA in Ricinus communis

Authors

  • V. Borkovec
    • Department of Biological Sciences, Wye CollegeUniversity of London
  • F. Didehvar
    • Department of Biological Sciences, Wye CollegeUniversity of London
  • D. A. Baker
    • Department of Biological Sciences, Wye CollegeUniversity of London
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00024103

Cite this article as:
Borkovec, V., Didehvar, F. & Baker, D.A. Plant Growth Regul (1994) 15: 137. doi:10.1007/BF00024103

Abstract

The biosynthesis of 14C-IAA from 14C-tryptophan applied to abraded leaves of Ricinus communis and its subsequent export through the phloem were studied. Phloem sap was collected at intervals from incisions made in the stem below the IAA fed leaf. Any upward movement of label through the phloem or downward movement of phloem mobile compounds from leaves above the treated one were restricted by bark-ringing the plants.

TLC and HPLC analyses of the collected sap indicate that some conversion of 14C-tryptophan to 14C-IAA had occurred. Subsequent GC-MS analysis of the HPLC purified samples of phloem sap revealed high levels of endogenous IAA transported from the fed leaf. The high ratio of unlabelled/labelled IAA in the phloem sap makes unequivocal confirmation by GC-MS of the predicted biosynthesis of 14C-IAA impossible. It is postulated that IAA is synthesised from tryptophan in mature leaves and exported to developing sink tissues with the flow of photoassimilates in the phloem.

Key words

IAA synthesisphloem sapRicinustryptophan

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994