, Volume 134, Issue 1, pp 43-51

Effects of the lampricide, 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) on the macroinvertebrates within the hyporheic region of a small stream

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Abstract

The effect of the lampricide, 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM), on the benthic macroinvertebrates within the hyporheic region of Dam Creek, Ontario was investigated. Organisms were regularly found to a depth of 70 cm in the substrate throughout the study period. Of the eight major taxa found at both the treated and untreated sites only Tubificoidea exhibited a decrease in abundance attributable to TFM.

One day after treatment, TFM concentrations were greatest at a depth of 55 cm, the greatest depth to which water samples were taken. The movement of TFM into the hyporheic region during the present study may be due to the large convective forces created by the rapid decrease in surface water temperature. These convective forces are usually greatest in the late fall and winter when TFM is not applied. The greater part of TFM stream treatments are carried out during the summer when surface water temperatures remain fairly constant. It is suggested that the hyporheic region may act as a refuge zone for benthic macroinvertebrates against the lampricide during most of the TFM application season.